This “Instruction for Authors” describes the general information about Data Intelligence including aims and scope, main areas, and specific topics Data Intelligence shall cover, and how to prepare a manuscript for submission. We highly recommend you read this in full and have your contribution consistent with Data Intelligence publication guidelines, including format and style.

Aims & Scope

         Data Intelligence, co-sponsored by the National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences and China National Publications Import & Export (Group) Corporation, is a peer-reviewed metadata centric  academic journal that is targeted at data creators, data curators, data stewards, data policy makers, domain scientists and others interested in sharing data. The point of the publication is to include, but not limited to, articles discussing methodologies and/or data resources. The aim is to provide a vehicle to assist industry leaders, researchers and scientists in the sharing and reuse each other’s data, metadata, knowledge bases, and data visualization tools. The journal will publish not only traditional articles, but also “data articles” with the contents in the form of knowledge graphs, ontologies, linked datasets and metadata resources. Data Intelligence aspires to introduce developing and emerging data-enabled technologies that will allow and facilitate the work of scientists to more deeply understand and extend the potential of their data. The journal maintains an academic center, a key educational channel, to offer intelligent data services and support for both machine and human to read and reuse data.

         The objectives of this journal are:

     * Publishing papers specifically aimed at technologies and methodologies for data sharing, curation, etc.

     * Publishing papers that describe specific data- or metadata- repositories that are being maintained and shared

     * Encouraging data sharing by systematically annotating data resources based on widely-adopted metadata standards.

     * Collecting and cataloguing various knowledge bases such as knowledge graph, ontology, linked dataset and corpus, etc. and publishing information about these.

     * Enabling automatic data annotation and semantification, and linking from newly imported data to the Data Intelligence repository.

     * Providing added value (in the form of data links, synthesized analytics) to articles and data shared in the Data Intelligence repository.

     * Promoting scientific activities that focus on creating new datasets.

     * Giving explicit credit to data creators and disseminating their contributions both in the journal and in wider social media application

     * Facilitating connecting-dots to build and share real-time knowledge.

         The final goal of this journal is to build a research culture that is creating new datasets which are scientifically reward-worthy and sharing data is necessary to ensure the transparency and reproducibility in science.

Types of Articles

         Data Intelligence primarily publishes the following different kinds of full-length articles:      

        - Data Articles

           Data articles which describe an ontology, a knowledge graph, a vocabulary or thesaurus, a linked data set or a cluster of interoperable data sets and corresponding services, evaluation benchmarks or methods, APIs and software frameworks, workflows, crowdsourcing task designs, protocols and metrics. The contents should include the background of the work performed, the representation of standards used, information on how the datasets and services were built, descriptions of reliability, versioning, up time and sustainability and the application implications, disruptiveness and limitations as well. A full version of the data is encouraged to be stored in a sustainable, FAIR compliant repository or at minimum is to be linked to a journal or a third-party data repository to facilitate extended value through sharing, disseminating and reusing in other papers and applications as public domain resources.

            Essential sections:
            Introduction, Value of the data, Acquirements of the data, Application and Limitation of the Data.

          Along with essential sections, articles must include general background of the data acquirements and application, a brief summary of related research (literature review), theories and methodologies that contribute to the author’s approach, specific methods on how the data was acquired, major value and significance, possible application and limitation data collection. The following types of articles fall under the “data articles” category:

         ·   A KOS paper including an ontology, a specific metadata and its standards, which describes thoroughly a KOS

           ·   A linked dataset descriptor

           ·   A corpus descriptor

          - Perspective or Commentary Articles

            Perspective or commentary articles which express new perspectives including outlook, challenge, and opportunities on a specific topic in the authors’ area of expertise of high interest to the Data Intelligence community/audience.

Note: The Perspectives to be published by Data Intelligence are at the invitation of the Co-Editors-in-Chief and other Editorial staff. Unsolicited Perspectives will not be considered.

           - Research Articles

          Research articles which present state-of-the-art research findings on the latest development, up-to-date issues, and challenges in the topics on data generation, data analysis, data integration, data sharing, data management and related topics in the field of Data Intelligence.

        - Data Application Articles

            Data application articles which report specific domain or cross domain applications based on data resources, repositories and data-enabled technologies.

            Essential sections:
            Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion and Conclusion

          Application articles consist of two major types:      

          ·   Technology application

           Essential elements: context of application, system environment, key points, implementation challenges or problems during application and how to solve them, operational framework, application effects and experiences, etc.

           ·   Technology application

           Essential elements: context of service, service environment, key points and implementation challenges and problems during service application and how to solve them, service implementation architecture, service effects and related experiences, etc.

       - Letters to the Editor

            Letters to the Editor (LTE) which are rapid communications to publish short articles with a high degree of novelty.

Basic Format and Style




Requirement Guideline

File format

Manuscript files with any of the following formats, DOC, DOCX, RTF, or PDF are acceptable but DOC or DOCX are preferred.

Language, grammar tense


All articles are published in English. The proper use of grammar tense and effective writing style are important for all articles. For guidelines please see:


All articles must contain the following essential elements:

Ø Title

Ø  Abstract and keywords

Ø Text main body (what and how many sections this part includes depends on the article type.

  Ø Author contribution statements

  Ø Citation to the article and the data

Ø References

Ø Figures and Tables with captions

Ø Supplementary material is required and should be included in the initial
 submission for peer review purposes. Please not it is a required element especially for data articles.


We encourage authors to write concise manuscripts, but we do not set the length limit.  


Use standard Times New Roman or Arial fonts, size 12


Main text manuscript body must be divided into clearly defined sections. Make sure section levels are clearly indicated using numbers. Sections should be numbered 1 (then subsections should be numbered 1.1, 1.2, 1.2.2, etc. Also use this numbering system for internal cross-referencing; do not just refer to “the text.” Subsections can be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

Please note: Please limit manuscript sections and subsections to three heading levels. The Abstract is not included in section numbering.

Layout spacing, page/line, notes, columns

Manuscript text should be double-spaced, and should include page and line numbers. Do not format text in multiple columns.

 References and in-text citation style

All available sources cited in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list. References  should be numbered sequentially in the order in which they appear and denoted in the text through numbers.

  Abbreviations/        acronyms

Abbreviations/acronyms should be written out at the first appearance in the text, followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis. Do not use non-standard abbreviations unless they appear at least three times in the text. Please note: All non-standard abbreviations (with definitions) need to be in alphabetical order in a separate section at the beginning of the manuscript.

Keep abbreviations to a minimum.


We recommend authors use MathType or Equation Editor for display and inline equations, as they provide reliable outcomes.

Please note: Do not use MathType or Equation Editor to insert single variables in running text. Wherever possible, single symbols should be inserted as normal text with the correct Unicode values.

Do not use MathType or Equation Editor for only a portion of an equation.

Author Contribution Statement

         Everyone listed as an author should meet our criteria for authorship. Everyone who meets our criteria for authorship must be listed as an author. The contributions of all authors must be described. Author lists should accurately reflect these contributions. We expect that all authors will take public responsibility for the manuscript content submitted to Data Intelligence.

         All authors will be contacted by email at submission to ensure that they are aware of and approve the submission of the manuscript, its content, and its authorship. All authors must see the final draft of the manuscript before it is published. Those who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be mentioned in the Acknowledgments.

        Those who performed the following work are named as “Author/s,” including but not limited to those who:

        - Proposed the research problems;

        - Performed the research;

        - Designed the research framework;

        - Collected and analyzed the data;

        - Wrote and revised the manuscript.

        Those who participated in discussion or just offered language, editing, or related help should not be included in the author list, but may be mentioned in the Acknowledgments.

References and Citations

       All available sources cited in the text, tables or figures must be listed in the reference list. Unavailable and unpublished work, including manuscripts that have been submitted but not yet accepted and personal communications should not appear in the reference list but should be cited in the text only. Instead, those data should be included as supplementary material or deposited in a publicly available database. Please note: Authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. Make sure the parts of the manuscript are in the correct order before ordering the citations. Do not include citations in abstracts.

        References should be numbered sequentially in the order in which they appear and denoted in the text through numbers. In references the full title of the paper should be given along with the first and last page numbers. Personal communications and unpublished works should not appear in the reference list but should be cited in the text only.

        Make sure format the references properly so as to be linked electronically. Example formats are listed below.

  • Books

Book with author(s)

B. Mons. Data stewardship for open science: Implementing FAIR principles. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2018. isbn: 9780815348184.

Book with editor(s)

Y. Ding, R. Rousseau, & D. Wolfram (eds.) Measuring scholarly impact: Methods and practice. Berlin: Springer, 2014. isbn: 3319103768.

Chapter in a book

M. Prensky. Computer games and learning: Digital game-based learning. In: J. Raessens, & J. Goldstein (eds.) Handbook of Computer Games Studies. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2005, pp. 97-122.

  • Journal papers

B. Mons, C. Neylon, J. Velterop, M. Dumontier, L.O.B. da Silva Santos, & M.D. Wilkinson. Cloudy, increasingly FAIR; revisiting the FAIR Data guiding principles for the European Open Science Cloud. Information Services & Use 37(1) (2017), 49-56. doi: 10.3233/ISU-170824.

  • Online, advance publication

J. Bruna,W. Zaremba, A. Szlam, & Y. LeCun. Spectral networks and locally connected networks on graphs, CoRR. arXiv preprint. arXiv: 1312.6203, 2013.

  • Conference papers

ArnetMiner: Extraction and mining of academic social networks. In: Proceedings of the 14th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD’08), 2008, pp. 990–998. doi: 10.1145/1401890.1402008.

  • Theses and dissertations

H. Rijgersberg. Semantic support for quantitative research. PhD dissertation, Vrije Universiteit van Amsterdam, 2013. Available at:

  • Electronic sources

A. Morin, J. Urban, & P. Sliz. A quick guide to software licensing for the scientist-programmer. PLoS Computational Biology 8(7) (2012), e1002598 . doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002598.

The European Commission High Level Expert Group report: Realizing the European Open Science Cloud. Available at:

Supporting Information

        Authors should submit essential supporting files and multimedia files along with their manuscripts. All Supporting Information will be subject to peer review. Authors may use almost any description as the item name for a Supporting Information file as long as it contains an “S” and a number, e.g. “S1 Appendix” or “S2 Appendix” or “S1 Table” or “S2 Table”.

        List Supporting Information captions in a separate page as part of the manuscript file. The file number and name are required in a caption, and we highly recommend including a one-line title as well. You may also include a legend in your caption, but it is not required. We recommend that you cite Supporting Information in the manuscript text, but this is not a requirement.

  How to Submit

         Please submit your papers to

        Thanks very much for considering Data Intelligence for your publications. We look forward to reading your submissions!